Latin America

Duke CGGC has conducted research on a number of industries and countries in Latin America for a range of clients including the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), national governments, as well as other industry groups. Our country-specific studies include Peru (2015/16), Costa Rica (2013/14), Nicaragua (2014 & 2010), Brazil (2013) and Chile (2010).

Peru in the High Quality Cotton Textile and Apparel Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading

This report analyses Peru’s participation in the high quality cotton textile and apparel global value chain. The textile and apparel sector is a key pillar of Peru’s manufacturing sector, while the high quality cotton has been cultivated for centuries in the country. The study uses the GVC framework to analyze Peruvian’s position and potential for upgrading in the industry. This report is part of a Duke CGGC study commissioned by the World Bank in 2015/16 to support the growth and productivity agenda in Peru with a focus on three important industries for the country: table grapes, mining equipment and pima cotton.
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Peru in the Mining Equipment Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading

The report analyses the mining equipment GVC and the position of Peru in this chain. The country is facing great challenges with the global slowdown of the mining sector. Mining equipment, which is in its infancy, is facing similar problems. This report analyses Peru’s participation in the high quality cotton textile and apparel global value chain. The textile and apparel sector is a key pillar of Peru’s manufacturing sector, while the high quality cotton has been cultivated for centuries in the country. The study uses the GVC framework to analyze Peru’s position and potential for upgrading in the industry. This report is part of a Duke CGGC study commissioned by the World Bank in 2015/16 to support the growth and productivity agenda in Peru with a focus on three important industries for the country: table grapes, mining equipment and pima cotton.
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Peru in the Table Grape Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading

In a short period of time, Peru has position itself as a leader exporter of grapes. This boom offers a sustainable development, especially in rural areas of the country. The report uses the GVC framework to analyze Peruvian’s position and potential for upgrading in the industry. This report is part of a Duke CGGC study commissioned by the World Bank in 2015/16 to support the growth and productivity agenda in Peru with a focus on three important industries for the country: table grapes, mining equipment and pima cotton.
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Nicaragua and the Apparel Value Chain in the Americas

imageThis report explores how U.S. regional textile and apparel manufacturers are linked to the U.S. industry through textile exports and apparel imports and the the role of trade legislation in the past, present and future of the industry in Nicaragua and the United States.
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Brazilian Manufacturing in International Perspective: A Global Value Chain Analysis of Brazil's Aerospace, Medical Devices, and Electronics Industries

imageDuke CGGC and MIT's Industrial Performance Center conducted a year-long study to understand Brazil's position in the aerospace, medical devices and electronics global value chains and to consider the policy implications of its development efforts. This report, sponsored by the Confederação Nacional da Indústria in Brazil, presents key findings from the research and provides recommendations to improve Brazilian industrial policy.
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Costa Rica in Global Value Chains: An Upgrading Analysis: Introduction: Chapter 1

imageThis introductory chapter outlines the analytical framework employed for the study, examines Costa Rica's rapid shift from agricultural exports to high tech exports and provides an introduction to relevant elements of Costa Rica's investment, trade and education policies.
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Costa Rica in the Medical Devices Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading: Chapter 2

imageCovering a broad spectrum of products from inexpensive bandages, to technology-intensive hearing aids and tissue heart valves, to high-cost items such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines, the medical devices sector offers high growth potential. The report uses the GVC framework to analyze Costa Rica´s position and potential for upgrading in this industry.
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Costa Rica in the Electronics Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading: Chapter 3

imageThe electronics industry encompasses a vast array of products that feed into markets ranging from consumer products to high-end medical equipment. This report uses the GVC framework to illustrate opportunities for Costa Rica's established electronic component sector to capitalize on other complementary growth markets in the country including medical devices, automotive and aerospace.
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Costa Rica in the Aerospace Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Entry & Upgrading: Chapter 4

imageThe global aerospace sector is a challenging industry to enter, yet several developing countries have been able to make significant in-roads. This report uses the global value chain (GVC) framework to understand the complexity of the industry and the numerous subsystems of which it is composed in order to provide insight on entry strategies.
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Costa Rica in the Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading: Chapter 5

imageCosta Rica has been successful in attracting some of the top companies in the offshore services industry to establish operations within the country, particularly in BPO operations and other shared services. This study uses the GVC framework to analyze the country's potential for further upgrading and consolidating its position in the industry.
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Inclusion of Small- and Medium-Sized Producers in High-Value Agro-Food Value Chains

imageThis paper uses the global value chain methodology to analyze Inter-American Development Bank Multilateral Investment Fund (IDB-MIF) initiatives in Latin America that aim to include high-value agriculture small producers in the national, regional and global chains. Based on extensive primary and secondary research, we propose a holistic model for these interventions.
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Assessment of Five High-Value Agriculture Inclusive Business Projects

imageThis paper is a summary of five IDB-MIF projects on high-value agriculture value chains that aimed to include small- and medium-sized producers in high-value agriculture value chains. The objective of this paper is to provide a set of lessons learned to design and implement efficient, effective and sustainable projects in the future.
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Basic Principles and Guidelines for Impactful and Sustainable Inclusive Business Interventions in High-Value Agro-Food Value Chains

imageClient: Inter-American Development Bank-Multilateral Investment Fund (IDB-MIF)

Challenge: IDB-MIF wanted to capture the lessons from its experience in inclusive business and value chain development interventions in high-value agricultural markets. They sought to improve these interventions based on good practices and facilitate systematic institutionalization of this knowledge.

Approach & Outcome: Duke CGGC’s report summarized key lessons of IDB-MIF's projects in seven countries throughout Latin America. The team proposed a model to overcome constraints and provided a step-by-step guide to deploy it in high-value agriculture markets. The report was based on extensive primary and secondary research of IDB-MIF projects, interventions by development agencies and literature on SME inclusion in value chains. Over 50 interviews were conducted with country specialists, implementing agencies, industry experts, associations and producers.
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The Competitiveness of Small Organic Cocoa Producers of the National Confederation of Dominican Cocoa Producers (CONACADO)

imageSmall organic cocoa producers in the Dominican Republic improve their competitiveness by increasing cultivation productivity. This case study is also available in Spanish (Competitividad de Pequeños Productores de Cacao Orgánico de la Confederación Nacional de Cacaocultores Dominicanos).
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Case: Supporting the Competitiveness of Central American Coffee

imageAfter the coffee crisis at the turn of the century, a selected group of small and medium coffee producers in five Central American countries received technical assistance to produce higher value specialty coffee and help to establish market linkages with global buyers. This topic is explored in this case study for IDB-MIF. It is also available in Spanish (Apoyando la Competitividad del Café Centroamericano).
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