Latin America

Duke CGGC has conducted research on a number of industries and countries in Latin America for a range of clients including the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), national governments, as well as other industry groups. Our country-specific studies include Peru (2015/16), Costa Rica (2013/14), Nicaragua (2014 & 2010), Brazil (2013) and Chile (2010).

Peru in the High Quality Cotton Textile and Apparel Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading

imageThis report analyzes Peru’s participation in the high quality cotton textile and apparel global value chain. The textile and apparel sector is a key pillar of Peru’s manufacturing sector, while high quality cotton has been cultivated for centuries in the country. The study uses the GVC framework to analyze Peru’s position and potential for upgrading in the industry. This report is part of a Duke CGGC study commissioned by the World Bank in 2015/16 to support the growth and productivity agenda in Peru with a focus on three important industries for the country: table grapes, mining equipment and high quality cotton.
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Peru in the Mining Equipment Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading

imagePeru is facing great challenges with the global slowdown of the mining sector. Mining equipment, which is in its infancy, is facing similar problems. This study uses the GVC framework to analyze Peru’s position and potential for upgrading in the mining equipment value chain. This report is part of a Duke CGGC study commissioned by the World Bank in 2015/16 to support the growth and productivity agenda in Peru with a focus on three important industries for the country: table grapes, mining equipment and high quality cotton.
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Peru in the Table Grape Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading

imageIn a short period of time, Peru has positioned itself as a leading exporter of grapes. This offers a sustainable development, especially in rural areas of the country. The report uses the GVC framework to analyze Peru’s position and potential for upgrading in the industry. This report is part of a Duke CGGC study commissioned by the World Bank in 2015/16 to support the growth and productivity agenda in Peru with a focus on three important industries for the country: table grapes, mining equipment and high quality cotton.
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Nicaragua and the Apparel Value Chain in the Americas

imageThis report explores how U.S. regional textile and apparel manufacturers are linked to the U.S. industry through textile exports and apparel imports and the the role of trade legislation in the past, present and future of the industry in Nicaragua and the United States.
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Brazilian Manufacturing in International Perspective: A Global Value Chain Analysis of Brazil's Aerospace, Medical Devices, and Electronics Industries

imageDuke CGGC and MIT's Industrial Performance Center conducted a year-long study to understand Brazil's position in the aerospace, medical devices and electronics global value chains and to consider the policy implications of its development efforts. This report, sponsored by the Confederação Nacional da Indústria in Brazil, presents key findings from the research and provides recommendations to improve Brazilian industrial policy.
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Costa Rica in Global Value Chains: An Upgrading Analysis: Introduction: Chapter 1

imageThis introductory chapter outlines the analytical framework employed for the study, examines Costa Rica's rapid shift from agricultural exports to high tech exports and provides an introduction to relevant elements of Costa Rica's investment, trade and education policies.
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Costa Rica in the Medical Devices Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading: Chapter 2

imageCovering a broad spectrum of products from inexpensive bandages, to technology-intensive hearing aids and tissue heart valves, to high-cost items such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines, the medical devices sector offers high growth potential. The report uses the GVC framework to analyze Costa Rica´s position and potential for upgrading in this industry.
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Costa Rica in the Electronics Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading: Chapter 3

imageThe electronics industry encompasses a vast array of products that feed into markets ranging from consumer products to high-end medical equipment. This report uses the GVC framework to illustrate opportunities for Costa Rica's established electronic component sector to capitalize on other complementary growth markets in the country including medical devices, automotive and aerospace.
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Costa Rica in the Aerospace Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Entry & Upgrading: Chapter 4

imageThe global aerospace sector is a challenging industry to enter, yet several developing countries have been able to make significant in-roads. This report uses the global value chain (GVC) framework to understand the complexity of the industry and the numerous subsystems of which it is composed in order to provide insight on entry strategies.
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Costa Rica in the Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading: Chapter 5

imageCosta Rica has been successful in attracting some of the top companies in the offshore services industry to establish operations within the country, particularly in BPO operations and other shared services. This study uses the GVC framework to analyze the country's potential for further upgrading and consolidating its position in the industry.
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Inclusion of Small- and Medium-Sized Producers in High-Value Agro-Food Value Chains

imageThis paper uses the global value chain methodology to analyze Inter-American Development Bank Multilateral Investment Fund (IDB-MIF) initiatives in Latin America that aim to include high-value agriculture small producers in the national, regional and global chains. Based on extensive primary and secondary research, we propose a holistic model for these interventions.
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Assessment of Five High-Value Agriculture Inclusive Business Projects

imageThis paper is a summary of five IDB-MIF projects on high-value agriculture value chains that aimed to include small- and medium-sized producers in high-value agriculture value chains. The objective of this paper is to provide a set of lessons learned to design and implement efficient, effective and sustainable projects in the future.
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Basic Principles and Guidelines for Impactful and Sustainable Inclusive Business Interventions in High-Value Agro-Food Value Chains

imageClient: Inter-American Development Bank-Multilateral Investment Fund (IDB-MIF)

Challenge: IDB-MIF wanted to capture the lessons from its experience in inclusive business and value chain development interventions in high-value agricultural markets. They sought to improve these interventions based on good practices and facilitate systematic institutionalization of this knowledge.

Approach & Outcome: Duke CGGC’s report summarized key lessons of IDB-MIF's projects in seven countries throughout Latin America. The team proposed a model to overcome constraints and provided a step-by-step guide to deploy it in high-value agriculture markets. The report was based on extensive primary and secondary research of IDB-MIF projects, interventions by development agencies and literature on SME inclusion in value chains. Over 50 interviews were conducted with country specialists, implementing agencies, industry experts, associations and producers.
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The Competitiveness of Small Organic Cocoa Producers of the National Confederation of Dominican Cocoa Producers (CONACADO)

imageSmall organic cocoa producers in the Dominican Republic improve their competitiveness by increasing cultivation productivity. This case study is also available in Spanish (Competitividad de Pequeños Productores de Cacao Orgánico de la Confederación Nacional de Cacaocultores Dominicanos).
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Case: Supporting the Competitiveness of Central American Coffee

imageAfter the coffee crisis at the turn of the century, a selected group of small and medium coffee producers in five Central American countries received technical assistance to produce higher value specialty coffee and help to establish market linkages with global buyers. This topic is explored in this case study for IDB-MIF. It is also available in Spanish (Apoyando la Competitividad del Café Centroamericano).
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Case: Development of Micro and Small Rural Apicultural Producers in Nicaragua & Honduras

imageMicro- and small honey producers were helped to enter into the domestic (Honduras) and global (Nicaragua) value chains.

Caso: Desarrollo de Micro y Pequeños Productores Apícolas en Nicaragua y Honduras

Micro y pequeños productores de miel fueron apoyados para insertarse en la cadena local de la miel (Honduras) y en la cadena global de la miel (Nicaragua).
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Case: Conversion to Organic Cacao Cultivation in Peru

imageSmall producers, members of a large, established coffee and cocoa cooperative in Tingo María, Perú, converted to certified organic production of cocoa.

Caso: Conversión hacia un Cultivo Orgánico de Cacao en Perú

Pequeños productores de cacao y café, miembros de la Cooperativa Industrial Naranjillo (COOPAIN), una cooperativa grande y consolidada en Tingo María, Perú, se han convertido en productores de café orgánico certificado.
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Case: Strengthening the Competitiveness of Organic Producers in Andean Microwatersheds

imageSmall fruit and vegetables producers in Huánuco, Peru were supported to form a consortium to sell their organic produce in supermarkets in Lima.

Caso: Fortaleciendo la Competitividad de Productores Orgánicos en Microcuencas Andinas

Pequeños productores de frutas y verduras en Huánuco, Perú fueron apoyados para formar un consorcio con el fin de vender su producción orgánica en los supermercados de Lima.
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Case: Strengthening the Competitiveness of the Stevia Value Chain in Paraguay

imageSmall stevia producers in Paraguay were helped to improve the production and quality of stevia to raise incomes and expand the supply of stevia.

Caso: Fortaleciendo la Competitividad en la Cadena de Valor de Stevia en Paraguay

Pequeños productores de stevia recibieron ayuda para mejorar la producción y calidad de la stevia en Paraguay con el fin de expandir la oferta del producto en mercados internacionales y aumentar sus ingresos.
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Manual: Desarrollo Económico Local y Cadenas Globales de Valor

imageEste manual tiene por objeto informar a los equipos de investigación del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo en América Latina acerca de una metodología que permite analizar casos de Desarrollo Económico Local (DEL). En este instructivo se ha incluido el marco tradicional de los estudios DEL y, además, se ha incorporado la metodología de las cadenas globales de valor con el fin de analizar cómo los sectores productivos están colaborando en el desarrollo económico local y, a la vez, cómo los micro, pequeños y medianos empresarios están incluidos en la cadena.
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The Fruit and Vegetables Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 2

imageThis report shows the shift of fruit and vegetable preparation from rural households to the urban kitchen, and highlights the new skills and global standards required of workers and suppliers in developing countries to meet the needs of global supermarkets. Five countries are covered in this report: Honduras, Chile, Kenya, Morocco, and Jordan.
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The Apparel Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 3

imageExport-processing zones in low-cost countries have become synonymous with globalization, but what is the next step for developing countries in apparel? Outlines the skills required to turn assembly lines into one-stop production centers that include design, logistics and brands. This report analyzes the industry in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Lesotho, and Nicaragua.
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The Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 4

imageDeveloping countries around the world are competing to become the next Bangalore, but they need to take various steps to ensure their human capital can meet the exacting demands and professional certifications required by developed world clients. This report looks at the industry in Chile, India, and the Philippines.
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The Tourism Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development: Chapter 5

imageGlobal tourists are traveling further, faster and more frequently than ever before. This report indicates how developing countries can prepare their tourism workforce to provide the high levels of customer service expected by today’s sophisticated traveler. The tourism industry in Costa Rica, Jordan, and Vietnam are covered in this report.
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Strengthening Nicaragua's Position in the Textile-Apparel Value Chain: Upgrading in the Context of the CAFTA-DR Region

imageThis study examines the competitiveness of the textile-apparel sector in Nicaragua, with the objective of producing a diagnosis of the textile – apparel industry in Nicaragua and the United States, an assessment of the opportunities and obstacles to upgrading, and concrete proposals for steps to be taken in the short and medium term.
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Engineering Services in the Americas

imageDespite the 2008-2009 economic crisis, countries across Latin America continue to grow rapidly, driven by commodity booms and the growth of mining, petroleum and forestry sectors. Combined with the need for massive scale infrastructure development across these developing countries, the demand for engineering services in the Americas is booming. This report examines how this demand may be met regionally by analyzing the supply and quality and cost of engineers in five key countries: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and the United States.
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Workforce Development in Chile's Offshore Services Value Chain

imageThis report is based on interviews with CEOs, Country Managers, HR executives and employees of 15 key companies in the offshore services sector in Chile. We present an overview of both the challenges and best practices in recruiting, training, interpersonal skills, technical training, English language skills, and their relationships with educational institutions. This report was commissioned by the Chilean Agency for Economic Development (CORFO).
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The Offshore Services Global Value Chain

imageThis report analyzes the evolving offshore services industry employing the Global Value Chain framework. Offshore services emerged as a dynamic global sector in the past two decades. Companies in their search for efficiencies and economies of scale began offshoring and outsourcing a variety of corporate functions. This report was commissioned by the Chilean Agency for Economic Development (CORFO).
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Chile's Offshore Services Value Chain

imageThis report presents the Chilean offshore services industry value chain. The authors provide in- depth analysis of the ITO, BPO and KPO segments, including both the current level of development and challenges for future growth. This report was commissioned by the Chilean Agency for Economic Development (CORFO).
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The Offshore Services Industry: A New Opportunity for Latin America

imageDuke CGGC prepared a Policy Brief for the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in which the offshore services industry is presented as a new opportunity for Latin America. Duke CGGC was invited to present the main findings of the Policy Brief in the annual REDIBERO meeting, with the title, "La Promoción del Comercio y la Inversión en Iberoamérica ¿Podemos avanzar hacia la promoción regional?"
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