Research Reports

World Bank

Peru in the High Quality Cotton Textile and Apparel Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading

January 2016   |   Durham, NC   |   Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber, Gary Gereffi
This report analyzes Peru’s participation in the high quality cotton textile and apparel global value chain. The textile and apparel sector is a key pillar of Peru’s manufacturing sector, while high quality cotton has been cultivated for centuries in the country. The study uses the GVC framework to analyze Peru’s position and potential for upgrading in the industry. This report is part of a Duke CGGC study commissioned by the World Bank in 2015/16 to support the growth and productivity agenda in Peru with a focus on three important industries for the country: table grapes, mining equipment and high quality cotton.
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Peru in the Mining Equipment Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading

January 2016   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark, Gary Gereffi
Peru is facing great challenges with the global slowdown of the mining sector. Mining equipment, which is in its infancy, is facing similar problems. This study uses the GVC framework to analyze Peru’s position and potential for upgrading in the mining equipment value chain. This report is part of a Duke CGGC study commissioned by the World Bank in 2015/16 to support the growth and productivity agenda in Peru with a focus on three important industries for the country: table grapes, mining equipment and high quality cotton.
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Peru in the Table Grape Global Value Chain: Opportunities for Upgrading

January 2016   |   Durham, NC   |   Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber, Gary Gereffi
In a short period of time, Peru has positioned itself as a leading exporter of grapes. This offers a sustainable development, especially in rural areas of the country. The report uses the GVC framework to analyze Peru’s position and potential for upgrading in the industry. This report is part of a Duke CGGC study commissioned by the World Bank in 2015/16 to support the growth and productivity agenda in Peru with a focus on three important industries for the country: table grapes, mining equipment and high quality cotton.
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Burundi in the Agribusiness, Coffee and Energy Global Value Chains: Skills for Private Sector Development: Project Overview

February 2014   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Andrew Guinn, Gary Gereffi
The Skills for Private Sector Development Project, commissioned by the Education Division of the World Bank, employed the GVC framework to identify specific workforce development strategies to foster upgrading within three industries crucial to Burundi's economic development: agribusiness, coffee and energy. Upgrading in these value chains is dependent on developing new capabilities and generally requires a substantially different set of workers with different skill sets. Knowing the requirements at each stage can help policy makers to prepare the workforce for the needs of future upgrading strategies.
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Burundi in the Energy Global Value Chain: Skills for Private Sector Development

February 2014   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Andrew Guinn, Gary Gereffi
The Skills for Private Sector Development Project, commissioned by the Education Division of the World Bank, employed the GVC framework to identify specific workforce development strategies to foster upgrading within three industries crucial to Burundi's economic development: agribusiness, coffee and energy. Upgrading in these value chains is dependent on developing new capabilities and generally requires a substantially different set of workers with different skill sets. Knowing the requirements at each stage can help policy makers to prepare the workforce for the needs of future upgrading strategies.

Burundi faces high and growing demand for electrical energy. Political and economic instability over the last two decades, however, has undermined the development of the country’s energy sector. With very low installed capacity, Burundi faces significant challenges with respect to energy supplies in the country. 90% of the country’s energy needs are currently met by the burning of biomass, primarily wood, for cooking and heat contributing to deforestation and health care issues, and the lack of electrical energy supply constrains the development of the country in the long term. As the country continues to rebuild its economy following the end of the crisis, policy makers, donors and the private sector have expressed interest in bolstering the sector, both as a means to promote economic output and also to leverage the sector for improved labor productivity and job creation for the large number of unemployed youth in the country.
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Burundi in the Coffee Global Value Chain: Skills for Private Sector Development

February 2014   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Andrew Guinn, Gary Gereffi
Client: World Bank

Challenge: The coffee sector is crucial to the Burundian economy for a number of reasons. Policy makers, donors and industry actors wanted to identify potential opportunities to improve labor productivity and create jobs for the large number of unemployed youth in the country.

Approach & Outcome: Using the GVC framework, Duke CGGC researched how the global coffee industry is changing and assessed Burundi’s current position in the GVC. The research team highlighted opportunities for Burundi to strengthen its positioning.
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Burundi in the Agribusiness Global Value Chain: Skills for Private Sector Development

February 2014   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Gary Gereffi
The Skills for Private Sector Development Project, commissioned by the Education Division of the World Bank, employed the GVC framework to identify specific workforce development strategies to foster upgrading within three industries crucial to Burundi's economic development: agribusiness, coffee and energy. Agriculture is the central pillar of Burundi’s economy, accounting for more than one third of the country’s GDP and employing virtually the entire rural workforce. With good geographic conditions and a suitable climate to production, the country has the potential to be a strong participant in the regional agricultural market. Yet, after years of conflict, the country faces important productivity, infrastructure and institutional challenges that continue to undermine the development of a market-oriented sector, and agriculture remains a primarily subsistence activity, dominated by smallholders with poor knowledge of modern agricultural practices and weak connections to the formal economy. All these constraints have limited the possibility of the country to participate in the global agribusiness value chain. However, Burundi is experiencing slowly rising incomes, growing domestic demand for foodstuffs and a need to formalize the country’s economy, placing pressure on the agricultural sector to modernize and organize to create productive, off-farm employment opportunities, generate revenues and, importantly for the short-term, contribute to the country’s food security.
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The Global Apparel Value Chain, Trade And The Crisis : Challenges And Opportunities For Developing Countries

June 2010   |   Gary Gereffi, Stacey Frederick
This paper analyzes the recent evolution and impact of the global economic crisis on the apparel industry. This paper was commissioned by the World Bank.
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The Offshore Services Value Chain: Developing Countries and the Crisis

April 2010   |   Gary Gereffi, Karina Fernandez-Stark
This paper analyzes the recent evolution and impact of the global economic crisis on the offshore services industry. This paper was commissioned by the World Bank.
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