Targeting Inclusive Development: A Value Chain Approach to Sewer Infrastructure Investment
April 2015 | Durham, NC | Jack Daly, Lukas Brun, Andrew GuinnThe purpose of this report is to investigate how six local governments investing in water infrastructure have successfully incorporated targeted businesses in capital improvements, while also identifying which segments of the value chain have the highest levels of opportunity for these businesses.
The Solar Economy: Widespread Benefits for North Carolina
February 2015 | Durham, NC | Lukas Brun, Danny Hamrick, Jack DalyThe report for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) describes a solar “value chain” of investors, solar developers, construction contractors and solar panel and component manufacturers comprising more than 450 companies. Together, these companies support some 4,300 jobs and represent a $2 billion investment. In addition to jobs, solar industry-related businesses provide income for landowners and tax revenue for N.C. towns, the report states. The economic impact of N.C.’s solar industry extends beyond its solar facilities, though.
US Coal and the Technology Innovation Frontier: What role does coal play in our energy future?
March 2013 | Durham, NC | Ghada Ahmed, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Gary GereffiThe U.S. coal industry is coping with declining consumption as the nation burns less coal to generate electricity. The electric power sector drives coal demand and consumes over 90% of coal production. The coal industry is facing a number of challenges that include increasing production costs and competition from natural gas in the electric power market. The decreasing share of coal in power generation implies that the future of coal depends on technologies that change the way we manage and use coal such as carbon capture and utilization, coal gasification and coal liquefaction technologies.
U.S. Bus Rapid Transit
July 2012 | Durham, NC | Marcy Lowe, Monica LaAs more U.S. cities consider adopting Bus Rapid Transit, CGGC researchers offer a new online tool to help decision-makers understand the value chain. A new report, supported by the Rockefeller Foundation, with interactive database analyzes the value chain of 390 firms that provide vehicles, technology, and services for high-quality BRT. Links below are provided to the final report, the interactive database, and proceedings of a working meeting convened by CGGC on March 8, 2012 with support from The Rockefeller Foundation.
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Smart Grid: Core Firms in the Research Triangle Region, NC
May 2011 | Durham, NC | Marcy Lowe, Hua Fan, Gary GereffiThe Research Triangle is a smart grid hotspot, with specialized R&D centers, supportive government policies, and roughly 60 core firms whose capabilities stretch across the entire value chain. Research for this report was funded by NC State University’s Institute for Emerging Issues faculty fellows program, and prepared for the Research Triangle Regional Partnership.
U.S. Smart Grid: Finding New Ways to Cut Carbon and Create Jobs
April 2011 | Durham, NC | Marcy Lowe, Hua Fan, Gary GereffiTurning the electric power system into an "energy internet" can reduce CO2 emissions, stimulate technology innovation, expand the use of renewable energy, and create tens of thousands of U.S. jobs.
The Multiple Pathways to Industrial Energy Efficiency: A Systems and Value Chain Approach
February 2011 | Durham, NC | Lukas Brun, Gary GereffiIn most companies, significant opportunities exist to improve energy efficiency, and many of them pay for themselves. However, organizational and financial barriers often prevent companies from capturing these savings. Closing this “efficiency gap” can have a big payoff for companies and society as a whole. To understand these barriers and identify strategies to overcome them, the report examines why and how product manufacturers adopt energy-efficiency improvements in their internal operations and supply chains. This report was sponsored by EDF's Energy Program.
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Lithium-ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles: The U.S. Value Chain
October 2010 | Durham, NC | Marcy Lowe, Saori Tokuoka, Tali Trigg, Gary GereffiIn the global race to provide advanced lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles, the United States is off to a fast start. We found 119 sites spread out across 27 states, all playing key roles across the value chain.
Case Study: A123 Systems - Local Markets and Competitiveness, A Value Chain Analysis
October 2010 | Durham, NC | Gary Gereffi, Tali Trigg, Marcy LoweAfter years of manufacturing in China, advanced battery maker A123 Systems is also aggressively adding jobs in the United States, responding to federal incentives and a promising U.S. market for electric vehicle batteries. This case study was prepared for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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U.S. Manufacture of Rail Vehicles for Intercity Passenger Rail and Urban Transit
June 2010 | Durham, NC | Marcy Lowe, Saori Tokuoka, Kristen Dubay, Gary GereffiThe United States seems poised to ramp up its investments in passenger and transit rail. Will the required rail vehicles and components be manufactured in the United States? We map out 249 U.S. manufacturing locations, describe the current value chain, identify gaps in domestic capabilities, and note priorities for the future of the industry.This research was prepared on behalf of Apollo Alliance with support from the Rockefeller Foundation and Surdna Foundation.
U.S. Adoption of High-Efficiency Motors and Drives: Lessons Learned
February 2010 | Durham, NC | Marcy Lowe, Ruggero Golini, Gary GereffiMotor systems used by manufacturing industries play a large role in national energy profiles. In the United States, industrial motor systems account for about 17% of total electricity use. U.S. adoption of more efficient motors and motor systems could save an estimated 62-104 billion kilowatt hours of electricity annually, at a cost savings of $3-5 billion. This research was prepared by Duke CGGC and sponsored by the Corporate Partnerships Program of the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
Public Transit Buses: Chapter 12
October 2009 | Durham, NC | Marcy Lowe, Bengu Aytekin, Gary GereffiBuses represent 25,000 to 33,000 domestic jobs, many overlapping with the heavy truck industry. U.S. firms are leading the development of hybrid, all-electric and other "green" buses--the future of the industry. This topic is covered in-depth in this report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
Wind Power: Chapter 11
September 2009 | Durham, NC | Gloria Ayee, Marcy Lowe, Gary GereffiU.S. employment in wind power is estimated at 85,000 jobs and growing quickly, with opportunities to employ workers and capacity from other industries like automotive and aerospace. Opportunities for wind power are explored in this report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
Residential Re-Insulation: Chapter 10
August 2009 | Durham, NC | Kristen Dubay, Gary GereffiWith 46 million underinsulated homes in the United States, an expanding re-insulation market could save energy and create U.S. jobs for contractors, insulation installers, distributors, manufacturers, and material suppliers. This topic is explored in this report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) Manufacturing Climate Solutions series.
Hybrid Drivetrains for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Trucks: Chapter 9
June 2009 | Durham, NC | Marcy Lowe, Gloria Ayee, Gary GereffiThe United States is well positioned to take the lead in hybrid commercial trucks, a new, fast- growing market that promises future U.S. jobs in truck manufacturing, advanced energy storage, electronics, and software. This report was prepared by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) as part of the Manufacturing Climate Solutions series.
Carbon Capture and Storage: Chapter 8
May 2009 | Durham, NC | Kristen Dubay, Gary GereffiChapter 8 of the Manufacturing Climate Solutions prepared by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) focuses on carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies (CCS). These technologies will allow the U.S. to continue using fossil fuel for power generation while also achieving national goals to reduce CO2 emissions. These billion dollar projects also present huge U.S.-based employment opportunities in fields ranging from R&D to manufacturing and construction.
Recycling Industrial Waste Energy: Chapter 7
February 2009 | Durham, NC | Marcy Lowe, Gary GereffiMany industrial processes discard exhaust heat, combustible gases, and other "waste" energy. These highly recoverable resources can be harnessed to generate electricity, thus saving energy costs, reducing CO2 emissions, creating new jobs, and protecting existing jobs by increasing productivity and competitiveness. This report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) explores this topic.
Heat Pump Water Heaters: Chapter 6
February 2009 | Durham, NC | Kristen Dubay, Gloria Ayee, Gary GereffiCurrent residential heat pump water heater products are add-on units used in conjunction with conventional storage tanks and they are produced by a handful of very small U.S. companies. The recent introduction of ENERGY STAR water heater criteria appears to be incentivizing some larger appliance manufacturers to develop new heat pump water heater products that will be more widely available. If consumer interest in heat pump water heaters increases, the market would need to scale up significantly to meet greater demands, opening greater opportunities for U.S. component manufacturing in the value chain. This topic is explored in-depth in this report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
Super Soil Systems: Chapter 5
November 2008 | Durham, NC | Gary Gereffi, Marcy LoweSuper Soil is not yet commercially available, but it is an example of a technology that could potentially be widely adopted. The adoption of this or similar technologies would involve manufacturing jobs producing large tanks. Additional manufacturing jobs would be needed to make the equipment, along with the associated requirements for steel, glass, concrete, and other materials, and construction jobs to build the facility. This new technology for treating hog waste could allow the United States to become a global market leader in a sector where, until now, no adequate alternative has been available. This report was prepared by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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Concentrating Solar Power: Chapter 4
November 2008 | Durham, NC | Gary Gereffi, Kristen DubayConcentrating solar power (CSP) represents a clean, powerful, endless, and reliable source of energy with the capacity to entirely satisfy the present and future electricity needs in the U.S. The new market for concentrating solar power plants has potential to create numerous U.S. manufacturing and construction jobs as U.S. companies grow and foreign firms come to the United States. This report was written by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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Auxiliary Power Units for Trucks: Chapter 3
November 2008 | Durham, NC | Gary Gereffi, Kristen DubayIntegration of auxiliary power units into long-haul truck manufacturing in the near future will likely increase penetration rates dramatically, with a corresponding boost to manufacturing. Expanded production of APUs would create economic opportunity at all stages of the value chain by increasing purchases from material and component suppliers. Additional value chain opportunities will likely come when APU technology is integrated as a component in tractor manufacturing rather than being an aftermarket product. The report was written by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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High-Performance Windows: Chapter 2
November 2008 | Durham, NC | Gary Gereffi, Kristen DubayThis report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) explores high-performance window technologies. The U.S. industry faces new, more stringent efficiency criteria that may spur manufacturers to retool production lines and further innovate. Over the course of criteria changes, jobs may have to develop more efficient products. The ability of companies to respond to criteria changes may determine which companies will benefit and which will struggle to compete.
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LED Lighting: Chapter 1
November 2008 | Durham, NC | Gary Gereffi, Marcy LoweThis report by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) explores light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for lighting applications. LEDs are a semiconductor technology whose application to general-purpose lighting is rapidly growing, with significant potential for energy savings. The market for general-purpose LED lighting is currently very small, but it is growing rapidly as the technology improves and costs go down. Leading U.S. manufacturers find it crucial to ensure high quality and to protect their innovations--two good reasons to keep the manufacturing close to home.
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