Research Reports


Overcapacity in Steel: China’s Role in a Global Problem

September 2016   |   Durham, NC   |   Lukas Brun
The global steel sector is once again in a state of overcapacity. The sector, predominantly fueled by China’s expansion since 2000, has grown to over 2,300 million metric tons (MT) while only needing 1,500 MT to meet global demand. The result is a global steel sector at unviable profit levels and an influx of cheap steel in the global trading system adversely affecting companies, workers, and the global trading regime. This report was prepared for the Alliance for American Manufacturing (AAM).
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The Philippines in Manufacturing Global Value Chains: An Introduction

May 2016   |   Durham, NC
This introductory report outlines the analytical framework employed for the study, examines the Philippines recent economic growth and the recent revitalization of the manufacturing sector and provides an introduction to relevant elements of Philippine investment, trade and education policies.
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The Philippines in the Aerospace Global Value Chain

May 2016   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi
Strong growth in the global aerospace sector has created opportunities for new entrants. In recent years, the Philippines has successfully entered into this industry, although at a much smaller scale than the few other developing countries in the sector. This report seeks to understand the complexity of the industry and the numerous subsystems of which it is composed in order to provide insight for continued upgrading strategies.
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The Philippines in the Automotive Global Value Chain

May 2016   |   Durham, NC   |   Timothy Sturgeon, Jack Daly, Stacey Frederick, Penny Bamber, Gary Gereffi
Final assembly in automotive sector tends to be nationally and regionally oriented. Nonetheless, high value to volume parts is a global business in which skill and experience are drivers of competitive advantage. This report uses the global value chain (GVC) framework to unveil potential growth opportunities in the Philippines, particularly building on its strength as the 4th largest global wire harness exporter.
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The Philippines in the Electronics and Electrical Global Value Chain

May 2016   |   Durham, NC   |   Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi
The electronics industry has been the backbone of Philippine manufacturing exports over the past decade. This report uses the global value chain framework to support the country’s efforts to expand beyond its role in semiconductor assembly and testing towards higher value products and market niches. In addition, it examines potential to leverage synergies with other manufacturing sectors in the country.
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The Philippines in the Chemical Global Value Chain

May 2016   |   Durham, NC   |   Penny Bamber, Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi
Chemicals affect almost every aspect of our daily lives. The global chemical industry is becoming increasingly concentrated in the Asia-Pacific region, driven by Factory Asia, a construction boom, and a growing middle class demanding consumer products. This has given rise to numerous opportunities for the Philippines to export in key product niches in the industry. The global value chain framework is used to identify specific segments for future upgrading.
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The Philippines in the Paper Global Value Chain

May 2016   |   Durham, NC   |   Jack Daly, Penny Bamber, Gary Gereffi
The global paper industry has become increasingly fragmented in the past decade, shifting its focus east to meet the rising demand for packaging and health and hygiene products in Asia-Pacific and compensate for strong declines in developed regions as a result of the increased use of information technology. This report examines the potential for the Philippines to take advantage of this changing landscape.
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Chlorhexidine for Umbilical Cord Care: A Value Chain Analysis in Bangladesh

May 2016   |   Durham, NC   |   Jeffrey Moe, Danny Hamrick
In many regions of the world, including South Central Asia, infection is a leading cause of neonatal mortality. 7.1% chlorhexidine digluconate (gel or solution) is a lifesaving commodity which, when properly applied to newborn umbilical cords, can significantly reduce neonatal mortality. Chlorhexidine (CHX) for umbilical cord care was introduced in Bangladesh after a decade of clinical trials and implementation studies. This report applies a value chain analysis to the CHX launch in Bangladesh to identify critical opportunities to create greater synergies, reduce supply interruption risks and increase the adoption of CHX in the medium or long term.
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Public-Private Partnerships in Global Value Chains: Can They Actually Benefit the Poor?

February 2015   |   Durham, NC   |   Ajmal Abdulsamad, Shawn Stokes, Gary Gereffi
Client: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

Challenge: The past 15 years has seen a proliferation of PPPs between the private sector and the international development community, yet little is known about their impact on developing countries.

Approach & Outcome: The Duke CGGC research report examined the main concerns over the potential of PPPs to bring about inclusive development: alignment of business and pro-poor development interests; actors and institutions that determine how the system works; and achievable outcomes. The report was based on secondary sources, including partner progress reports, post-project evaluation reports, studies from other development agencies and the global value chain (GVC) literature to analyze partnership outcomes. It also included several phone interviews with development experts.
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The Tobacco Global Value Chain in Low Income Countries

February 2014   |   Durham, NC   |   Annelies Goger, Penny Bamber, Gary Gereffi
This report uses global value chains (GVC) analysis to understand how the changing dynamics of the global tobacco industry are affecting producers in low-income countries that are heavily reliant on the tobacco industry. Increased global adoption of tobacco control measures has raised concerns about whether decreases in demand as a result of tobacco control policies negatively impact small producers and increase poverty. These concerns have led to support for crop substitution strategies, although successful implementation has varied. This report offers new perspectives and avenues for investigating the viability of economic development pathways out of tobacco that are remunerative and sustainable for smallholders.
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Case Study: Cree, Inc. Local Markets and Global Competitiveness: A Value Chain Analysis

October 2010   |   Durham, NC   |   Gary Gereffi, Ghada Ahmed, Marcy Lowe
Cree is adding jobs in the United States, but also in China--where the main attraction is not low-cost labor, but rather a large market for LED lighting products. This was a case study prepared by Duke CGGC for the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
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The Global Apparel Value Chain, Trade And The Crisis : Challenges And Opportunities For Developing Countries

June 2010   |   Gary Gereffi, Stacey Frederick
This paper analyzes the recent evolution and impact of the global economic crisis on the apparel industry. This paper was commissioned by the World Bank.
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The Offshore Services Global Value Chain

March 2010   |   Durham, NC   |   Gary Gereffi, Karina Fernandez-Stark
This report analyzes the evolving offshore services industry employing the Global Value Chain framework. Offshore services emerged as a dynamic global sector in the past two decades. Companies in their search for efficiencies and economies of scale began offshoring and outsourcing a variety of corporate functions. This report was commissioned by the Chilean Agency for Economic Development (CORFO).
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