GVC: World Bank
Joining, Upgrading and Being Competitive in Global Value Chains
A Strategic Framework
In recent years, global value chains have played an increasing role in business strategies, profoundly affecting international trade and development paradigms. Global value chains now represent a major source of socio-upgrading opportunities and a new path for development. Trade, competitiveness and development policies should be reshaped accordingly to seize these opportunities and avoid the risks associated with greater participation in global value chains.
This paper provides a framework and analytical tools for measuring and improving a country’s performance with respect to participation in global value chains.
Beyond the Annual Budget : Global Experience with Medium-Term Expenditure Frameworks
This report is structured as follows. Chapter two provides background on what constitutes a medium-term expenditure framework, or MTEF and what it aims to achieve. It also describes the Bank's engagement with MTEFs, presents main points of debate over the experience with MTEFs, and provides a rationale for this study. Chapter three describes the key characteristics of MTEFs, explains the approach used to identify and classify them according to their stage of development, and reviews trends in their adoption. Chapter four outlines the methodological approaches used to examine the impact of MTEFs on fiscal performance, formulates the research hypotheses that are tested in the study, and presents empirical findings from the event studies and econometric analysis. It also presents qualitative insights, informed by case studies, on how MTEFs have affected the quality of budgeting. Chapter five draws some lessons about the key institutional determinants of MTEF performance. Chapter six discusses lessons learned from Bank support for MTEF implementation. Finally, chapter seven presents the conclusions of the study and discusses their implications for the Bank. Several appendixes provide supporting material, including a country-by-country tabulation of MTEF status, a full discussion of econometric results, and country case studies.World Bank 2013, Washington, DC Read More View PDF
Part 2: Summaries of the Country Case Studies on Apparel Industry Development, Structure, and Policies
Part 2 of this book (Chapters 8-16) provides a detailed case study of the global value chain dynamics in the textile and apparel industries of each of the nine countries.Sewing Success? Employment, Wages, and Poverty following the End of the Multi-fibre Arrangement p. 211-497, In G. Lopez-Acevedo & R. Robertson (Eds), Washington, DC: The World Bank View PDF
Developments in the Global Apparel Industry after the MFA Phaseout
This chapter introduces dynamics in the global apparel value chain with a focus on the impacts of the lifting of the Multi-fibre Arrangement/ Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (MFA/ATC) and the global economic crisis in nine countries. A detailed analysis of each country is in Part 2 of this book.Sewing Success? Employment, Wages, and Poverty following the End of the Multi-fibre Arrangement Pgs. 41-86, In G. Lopez-Acevedo & R. Robertson (Eds.), Washington, DC: The World Bank View PDF
Upgrading and Restructuring in the Global Apparel Value Chain: Why China and Asia are Outperforming Mexico and Central America
This article uses the global value chain approach to analyze the upgrading trajectories of leading apparel exporters adapting to the end of textile and apparel quotas and the economic recession.International Journal Technological Learning, Innovation and Development Vol. 4, Num. 1/2/3, Pages: 67-95 View Citation