Middle East & North Africa (MENA)

Syria Wheat Value Chain and Food Security

2016   |    Ghada Ahmed

This research brief discusses the wheat value chain in Syria and points of disruptions in the chain leading to acute food insecurity in the nation.

Duke MINERVA Research Brief No. 8, March  View PDF   View MINERVA Website

Moroccan Food Security and the Wheat Value Chain

2016   |    Gabriel Arrisueño, Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick, Sona Nahapetyan

Morocco\'s high dependence on food imports exposes it to international price volatility which puts its food security at risk. This brief examines food security challenges in Morocco, policy responses, the wheat value chain, and the potential for disruptions in the chain, and suggests several policy action areas to address these challenges.

Duke MINERVA Research Brief No. 7, January  View PDF   View MINERVA Website

Bahrain’s Position in the Global Apparel Value Chain: How the U.S.-Bahrain FTA and TPLs Shape Future Development Options

2015   |    Jennifer Bair, Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi

This report analyzes the situation and potential future outcomes of Bahrain’s apparel industry in light of the upcoming TPL expiration in July 2016.

Report prepared for the Embassy of Bahrain, Washington, DC   View PDF

Role of Private Firms in the Egyptian Maize Value Chain

2015   |    Marie Veyrier, Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick

Maize impacts both caloric intake and diet quality of the Egyptian population. Such importance is mostly driven by a shift in diets. The private sector, which relies on imports to cater to its maize needs, is the lead actor of the maize value chain. This brief first analyzes the importance of maize to Egypt’s food security. In a global context where maize prices are high and volatile, this brief describes the strategies adopted by Egyptian lead firms to secure supply and meet growing demand. Such strategies range from diversification to vertical integration and upgrading.

Duke MINERVA Research Brief No. 5, May  View PDF

Hubs and Communities: A Structural Analysis of MENA’s Wheat Network

2014   |    Jonathan Morgan, Jack Daly, Ghada Ahmed, Danny Hamrick, Andrew Guinn, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Annelies Goger, Gary Gereffi, Lincoln Pratson

Duke MINERVA Research Brief No. 4, September  View PDF

Shifting Sources of Wheat Supply for MENA Countries: the Rise of the Black Sea

2014   |    Annelies Goger, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Danny Hamrick, Ghada Ahmed, Andrew Guinn, Jack Daly, Jonathan Morgan, Gary Gereffi

Duke MINERVA Research Brief No. 3, May  View Research Brief

Comparing Egypt and Saudi Arabia’s Wheat GVC

2014   |    Danny Hamrick, Ghada Ahmed, Andrew Guinn, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Annelies Goger, Jack Daly, Jonathan Morgan, Gary Gereffi

Wheat is one of the most important commodities in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and the region is the largest importer of wheat and other grains. While there are many challenges in terms of securing stable wheat supplies, like storage capacity and water reserves, sub-regional differences exist in the organization of the wheat industry and subsequent challenges. This brief sheds light on these differences through a comparison of Egyptian and Saudi Arabian wheat value chains. We conclude that while many issues, such as availability of currency reserves, span the region, other issues are country or sub-region specific.

Duke MINERVA Research Brief No. 2, April  View Research Brief

Global Value Chain Analysis and Food Security

2014   |    Andrew Guinn, Danny Hamrick, Ghada Ahmed, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Annelies Goger, Jack Daly, Jonathan Morgan, Gary Gereffi

This brief compares the GVC approach to understanding food security with more traditional approaches and identifies how GVC analysis allows researchers to identify and investigate important food security challenges facing MENA, particularly the issues of governance and international trade.

Duke MINERVA Research Brief No. 1, April  View Research Brief

Global Value Chains, Economic Upgrading and Gender: Case Studies of the Horticulture, Tourism, and Call Center Industries

2013   |    Penny Bamber, Karina Fernandez-Stark, Ghada Ahmed, Michelle Christian

This book provides an analysis of the horticulture, tourism, and call center global value chains (GVCs) based on a survey of the literature and case studies carried out in Honduras (horticulture), Kenya (tourism), and Egypt (call centers). The studies show that GVCs and their upgrading dynamics have important gender dimensions, and that integration and upgrading are influenced by, and have an impact on, gender relations.

World Bank Book Cornelia Staritz and José Guilherme Reis (eds.)  View Book   View Blog Post

Private Employment Agencies in Morocco

2011   |    Ghada Ahmed

This working paper and the Global Dialogue Forum are part of the ILO’s Sectoral Activities Programme.

ILO Sectoral Activities Programme: Working Paper No. 283  View Report

Employment and Human Resource Services in Egypt

2010   |    Ghada Ahmed

This study was undertaken and written by Ghada Ahmed, a CGGC Research Associate, as her Master’s Project toward completion of her Master’s in International Development Policy from Duke’s Sanford School of Public Policy in 2010.

Duke University Master\'s Project, Duke Center for International Development (DCID) Spring  View PDF