Vietnam at a Crossroads - Engaging in the Next Generation of Global Value Chains

2017   |    Stacey Frederick

Vietnam has emerged as an Asian manufacturing powerhouse, carving out a role for itself within global value chains (GVCs). In this World Bank Group publication, readers will gain a strong understanding of Vietnam’s current and potential engagement with GVCs and will learn about strategic policy tools that can help developing countries achieve economic prosperity in the context of compressed development. Its findings will be of particular interest to policy makers, development practitioners, and academics. Duke CGGC researcher Stacey Frederick authored chapter 7 of this publication. The chapter covers Vietnam’s textile and apparel industry and trade networks.

Vietnam’s Textile and Apparel Industry and Trade Networks - Chapter 7 p. 101 - 109   View PDF

Harnessing Foreign Direct Investment for Local Development? Spillovers in Apparel Global Value Chains in Sub-Saharan Africa

2016   |    Cornelia Staritz, Stacey Frederick

At the beginning of the 2000s, the introduction of the African Growth and Opportunity Act contributed to a boom in foreign direct investment (FDI) in the Sub-Saharan African (SSA) apparel industry. The possibility of exploiting the spillover potential of this FDI raised significant hopes of developing a locally-embedded SSA apparel export industry. The paper explores the level and nature of FDI spillovers and the factors supporting and constraining them focusing on three of the leading SSA apparel exporter countries - Kenya, Lesotho, and Swaziland. We find that despite significant investments to attract FDI, there are very limited spillovers to local firms and industries. In addition to domestic absorption capacity, the potential for and the nature of FDI spillovers is importantly determined by the strategy of foreign investors and the governance of global value chains (GVCs).

OFSE Working Paper 59   View Abstract  View PDF

Stitches to Riches?: Apparel Employment, Trade, and Economic Development in South Asia

2016   |    Gladys Lopez-Acevedo, Raymond Robertson, Stacey Frederick, Atisha Kumar

CGGC\'s Stacey Frederick authored chapters 2 and 5 in this World Bank book on the apparel industry. The book is motivated by South Asia\'s need to create more and better jobs for a growing population; it investigates the region\'s potential for expanding and improving jobs in the labor-intensive apparel sector. It estimates the effects of rising wages in China on apparel exports, employment, and wages in South Asia, and provides policy recommendations to leverage the sector for greater job creation.

Washington, DC: World Bank: Chapter 2, Benchmarking South Asia in the Global Apparel Industry, p. 39-76; Chapter 5, Policies to Foster Apparel Exports and Jobs, p. 143-177   View Book PDF   View World Bank page

Bahrain’s Position in the Global Apparel Value Chain: How the U.S.-Bahrain FTA and TPLs Shape Future Development Options

2015   |    Jennifer Bair, Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi

This report analyzes the situation and potential future outcomes of Bahrain’s apparel industry in light of the upcoming TPL expiration in July 2016.

Report prepared for the Embassy of Bahrain, Washington, DC   View PDF

Regional Trade Agreements and Export Competitiveness: the Uncertain Path of Nicaragua’s Apparel Exports under CAFTA

2015   |    Stacey Frederick, Jennifer Bair, Gary Gereffi

Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economies and Societies   View Article

Towards Better Work in Central America: Nicaragua and the CAFTA Context

2014   |    Jennifer Bair, Gary Gereffi

Towards Better Work: Understanding Labour in Apparel Global Value Chains Pp. 251-275 in Arianna Rossi, Amy Luinstra and John Pickles (eds.), Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan and the International Labour Office

Making Foreign Direct Investment Work for Sub-Saharan Africa: Chapter 7: Sector Case Study: Apparel

2014   |    Cornelia Staritz, Stacey Frederick

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is becoming an increasingly significant catalyst for output and trade in developing countries, in part due to a major expansion in the scope of global value chains (GVCs). FDI delivers a number of important contributions to economic development in terms of investment, employment, and foreign exchange.

Making Foreign Direct Investment Work for Sub-Saharan Africa: Local Spillovers and Competitiveness in Global Value Chains Pp. 209-244 in T. Farole and D. Winkler (eds.), Washington, DC: The World Bank.  View Publisher's Website   View Book PDF

Economic and Social Upgrading and Workforce Development in the Apparel Global Value Chain

2013   |    Gary Gereffi

Korea Labor Institute, International Labor Brief 11, 4 (April): 18-28  View Article

Developments in the Global Apparel Industry after the MFA Phaseout and Summaries of the Country Case Studies (Part 2)

2012   |    Stacey Frederick, Cornelia Staritz

The chapter introduces dynamics in the global apparel value chain with a focus on the impacts of the lifting of the Multi-fibre Arrangement on Textiles and Clothing (MFA/ATC) and the global economic crisis in nine countries. A detailed analysis of each country is in Part 2 of this book.

Sewing Success? Employment, Wages, and Poverty following the End of the Multi-fibre Arrangement Pp. 41-86 and pp. 211-497 in G. Lopez-Acevedo & R. Robertson (Eds.), Washington, DC: The World Bank   View PDF   View Publisher's Website

Upgrading and Restructuring in the Global Apparel Value Chain: Why China and Asia are Outperforming Mexico and Central America

2011   |    Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi

This article uses the global value chain approach to analyze the upgrading trajectories of leading apparel exporters adapting to the end of textile and apparel quotas and the economic recession.

International Journal Technological Learning, Innovation and Development Vol. 4, No. 1/2/3, p. 67-95  View Publisher's Website  View Special Issue

Global Production Networks and Decent Work in India and China: Evidence from the Apparel, Automotive, and Information Technology Industries

2010   |    Gary Gereffi, Esra Guler

Labour in Global Production Networks in India Pp. 103-126 in Anne Posthuma and Dev Nathan (eds.). New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

The Global Apparel Value Chain, Trade and the Crisis: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Countries

2010   |    Gary Gereffi, Stacey Frederick

Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective. Washington, DC: The World Bank. Pp. 157-208 in Olivier Cattaneo, Gary Gereffi and Cornelia Staritz (eds.)  View Book

Development and Application of a Value Chain Research Approach to Understand and Evaluate Internal and External Factors and Relationships Affecting the Economic Competitiveness in the Textile Value Chain

2010   |    Stacey Frederick

PhD Dissertation, NC State University   View PDF

Review and Analysis of Protectionist Actions in the Textile and Apparel Industries

2009   |    Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi

The Fateful Allure of Protectionism: Taking Stock for the G8 Pp. 65-68 in Simon Evenett, Bernard Hoekman, and Olivier Cattaneo (eds.) Washington, DC and London: The World Bank and the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Protectionism in Textiles and Apparel

2009   |    Stacey Frederick, Gary Gereffi

Effective Crisis Response and Openness: Implications for the Trading System Pp. 321-344 in Simon Evenett, Bernard Hoekman and Olivier Cattaneo (eds.) Washington, DC and London: The World Bank and the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Development Models and Industrial Upgrading in China and Mexico

2009   |    Gary Gereffi

This article provides a broad comparison of the development models in Latin America and China, with an emphasis on how each has changed in recent decades.

European Sociological Review 25(1), p. 37-51  View PDF

Wal-Mart in China: Can the World\'s Largest Retailer Succeed in the World\'s Most Populous Market?

2007   |    Gary Gereffi, Ryan Ong

An article in the Harvard Asia Pacific Review on Wal-Mart\'s place in the China market.

Harvard Asia Pacific Review Winter Issue, p.46-49.   View Article PDF